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UPPER BEGINNERS COURSE

Lesson 4

Lesson 4

To Teach, To Think & To Worry

Lesson Video: 
Grammar - Reflexive
There is a term called reflexive that is used in language learning. In English, examples are "I help myself" or "he hurts himself."

In Yiddish this is more common than in English. The reflexive is used in some verbs in Yiddish but not in English such as in the exmaples below.

I worry (I worry myself) Ikh zorg zikh איך זארג זיך
I learn (I teach myself) Ikh lern zikh איך לערן זיך
In english you can say, "myself, himself, ourselves." In Yiddish, its easier. Just one word "ZIKH!"
Extra Phrases
The grandfather teaches Der zeyda lernt דער זיידע לערנט
We are teaching Mir lernen מיר לערנען
We are learning 

(we teach ourselves)

Mir lernen zikh מיר לערנען זיך
The children learn about it Di kinder lernen zikh wegn es די קינדער לערנען זיך וועגן עס
They learn about the Jews. Zey lernen zikh wegn di Yidn זיי לערנען זיך וועגן די יידן
We have something Mir hobn epes מיר האָבן עפּעס
We buy something Mir koyfn epes מיר קויפן עפּעס
The people have nothing Di mentschn hobn gornisht די מענטשן האָבן גאָרנישט
They buy nothing Zey koyfn gornisht זיי קויפן גאָרנישט
I worry now Ikh zorg zikh itst איך זאָרג זיך איצט
Now I am worrying Itst zorg ikh zikh איצט זאָרג איך זיך
Reading Practice

זיי ווילן רעדן דייַטש און דוד לערנט זיי. זיי לערנען אַ סך איצט. זיי קענען נישט רעדן דייַטש אָבער זיי לערנען דייַטש.

דער יינגל זאָרגט זיך . ער זאָרגט זיך טאָמיד וועגן עפּעס. די מיידל זאָרגט זיך נישט . זי טראַכט אַזוי פיל אָבער זי זאָרגט זיך נישט

דער  טאַטע טראָגט אַ ההיטל. דער זיידע טראָגט נישט אַ היטל אָבער ער איז טראָגט אַ העמד. דער טאַטע טראָגט אויך אַ העמד.

Zey viln redn Daytsch un Dovid lernt zey. Zey lernen zikh a sakh itst. Zey kenen nisht redn Daytsch ober zey lernen zikh Daytch.

Der yingl zorg zikh . Er zorgt zikh tomed vegn epes. Di meydl zorgt zikh nisht. Zi trakht azoy fil ober zi zorg zikh nisht.

Der tate trogt a hitl. Der zeyda trogt zihk nisht a hitl ober er trogt zikh a hemd. Der tate trogt zikh oykh a hemd.

Translation
They want to speak German and David teaches them. They are learning a lot now. They cannot speak German but they are learning German.

The boy worries. He always worry about something. The girl does not worry. She thinks so much but she does not worry.

The father wears a hat. The grandfather does not wear a hat but he is wearing a shirt. The father is also wearing a shirt.

 
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