Yiddish Lower Intermediate Course
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LOWER INTERMEDIATE COURSE

PLURAL TRAINING

English Rules
As the languages are similar lets first review how in English the plurals are made.

Most in English, you just have so add "S".

Game Games  
Dog Dogs  
Hand Hands  
However, there are exceptions. And strange nouns have strange plurals
Child Children  
Man Men  
Person People  
Sheep Sheep  
Yiddish Rules
In Yiddish just like in English, "S" is the ending for many nouns in the plural.

And just like in English, there are plenty of exceptions.

However the main difference between the plurals in English and Yiddish is that plural nouns ending in "S" happen less often.

Infact: plurals ending in "S" are only the 2nd most common. The most common are plurals ending in "N"

List Below
There are some examples below. You do not need to memorize them, just reading through them and noticing the type of plurals is enough for now.
Nouns with "S"
Either with the ending (in hebrew letters)  "ות"  or with "ס"

(if you are a Hebrew speaker be aware that in Yiddish: "ות" is pronouned as an "S."  )

Animal Khaye חיה
Animals Khayes חיות
Mother Mame מוטער
Mothers Mames מוטערס
Example Dugme דוגמא
Examples Dugmes דוגמות
Present Matone מתנה
Presents Matones מטנות
Nouns with "N"
The ending is either "ען" or just "ן"
Person Mentsch מענטש
People Mentschn מענטשן
Problem Problem פראָבלעם
Problems Problemen פראָבלעמען
Newspaper Tsaytung צייַטונג
Newspapers Tsaytungen צייַטונגן
Nightmare Koshmar קאָשמאַ׳ר
Nightmares Koshmarn קאָשמאַ׳רן
Others
City שטאָט (small Vowel change)
Cities שטעט
Dog הונט
Dogs הינט
Country לאַנד (plural ends with "R")
Countries לאַנדער
Sister שוועסטער (no change in the plural like with the english word "Sheep")
Sisters שוועסטער
  Copyright-Free. All learning material may be freely shared and distributed without request. London. UK. 2013-2014.
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