Yiddish. Lesson 1. Beginners
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Beginners Level

Lesson 1

Word List
To speak Redn רעדן
To want Veln וועלן
To understand Farshteyn פאַרשטיין
We Mir מיר
I Ikh איך
They Zey זיי
Not Nisht נישט
Book Bukh בוך
A A אַ
And Un און
Something Epes עפעס
Key Phrases
They speak (They are speaking) Zey redn זיי רעדן
In English, people say "I am speaking, I am eating, I am doing." In Yiddish this does not exist. The normal present tense is used with "I am speaking."
They speak a language Zey redn a shprakh זיי רעדן אַ שפּראַך
We want to speak Mir veln redn מיר ווילן רעדן
I do not understand Yiddish Ikh farshtey nisht yiddish איך פאַרשטיי נישט ייִדיש
I do not speak English Ikh red nisht english איך רעד נישט ענגליש
"I do not" in Yiddish is just one word "Nisht." It comes after the verb.
We want something Mir veln epes  
I want something Ikh vel epes  
David and Rachel understand English Dovid un Rokhl farsteyn english דוד און רחל פֿאַרשטיין ענגליש
Hannah and Alex speak Yiddish Khane un Sender redn Yiddish חנה און סנדר רעדן ייִדיש
Many common names exist with a Yiddish translation.
  The infinitive of every word in Yiddish always end with the letter "N" .

  To make the verb with "i": Remove the "N"

  To make the verb with "we" or "they." Do nothing. Its the same as the infinitive.

See table below:

Infinitive I We They
Redn Ikh red Mir redn Zey redn
Veln Ikh vel Mir veln Zey veln
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