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Basic Verbs

The key to learning a language is to know the verbs. When you know the verbs, then you know the language.

Most Common Verbs

To Be Zayn זײַן
To Have Hobn האָבן
To Want Veln וועלן
To Be Able to & To Know Kenen קענען
To Sleep Shlofn שלאָפֿן
To Eat Esn עסן
To Make Makhen מאַכן
To Speak Redn רעדן
To Work Arbetn אַרבעטן
To Buy Koyfn קויפן
To Drink Trinkn טרינקען
To Think Trakhtn טראַכטן
To Understand Farstayn פאַרשטיין
To Live Voynen וווינען

Having, Eating, Drinking

In English there are two ways to say the Present tense
Present 1 Present 2 (Present progressive)
I have I am having
We eat We are eating
We drink We are drinking
In Yiddish there is only one way and that is the way on the left column under "Present 1." The tense that is officially called the "Present Progressive" in English, this does not exist in Yiddish. You just use the normal present tense.

Using Verbs

The full form of every verb ends in "N." You can see this from the list above of 10 most common verbs.
To use the verbs just look at this table. We do not use the Hebrew letters just to make it simple.
Full Verb I He We
Hobn Ikh hob Er hot Mir hobn
Esn Ikh es Er est Mir esn
Trinken Ikh trink Er trinkt Mr trinken
Zogn Ikh zog Er zogt Mir zogn
The full verb remains the same when saying "We." Also when using "They" its the same.

But when saying "I" you remove the "N."

With "He:" There is almost always a "T" at the end.

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